Computer Language 

Today, In this article, we will talk about computer language and I will give you all information about computer language.

What is Computer language 

Every person needs a language to communicate with each other, Everywhere has its own language, because of such language people are able to understand each other's words. In the same way computer also has language which computer computes and gives the result. Programming language is the computer language created by computer scholars to develop applications on computers.

What is Computer Language, computer language
What is Computer Language ?

Types Of computer Language -

There are many types of computer language, that have their own signal, character and rules of usage which help the human to communicate with the computer. A group of logically related instructions that are arranged in order to guide the computer in problem solving is called a program. That languages in which programs are written are called programming.

These Programming languages can be divided into the following sections :-

1. Low level Language :-

The language which does not involve any translator to converts its signals into machine signals is called low level language.

These are of two types :-

  • Machine Language :- The Machine language is written in binary code with only two digits 0 and 1. It is the basic language of the computer which the computer directly understands. Machine language is simple for the machine and difficult for the programmer.
  • Assembly Language :- Assembly language is a computer programming language in which letters or symbols are used in place of others signs, hence assembly language is also called symbol language. Instructions in the assembly language are given as English words such as ADD, SUB etc. Assembly language is easier to understand than machine language.  As you all know that computer is an electronic device and it understands binary code so programs written in assembly language have to be translated into machine level language. A translator that translates assembly language into machine language is called assembler.

2. High level Language :- 

High level language is a language used in computers in which programs are written using English letters, numbers and symbols. High Level language can work on any type of processor. It can be easily understood. It looks like normal English. It is translated by compiler and converted into machine language. The Example of high level language is Java, HTML , Pascal, C++ etc. 

The language in this category is divided into two generations.

  • Third generation language :-  Third generation language has a textual environment. In textual Environment, Programmers use English words to create source code. Third Generation language were the first language that liberated the programmers from writing programs in machine language and assembly language. The third generation language was not machine dependent, so there was no need to understand the architecture of the machine to write the programs. Some popular language that include third generation language is BASIC, COBOL, C, C++ etc.
  • Fourth Generation Language :- Fourth Generation language has a visual environment. In visual Environment, Programmers use the tool bar to drag and drop items such as button, levels, text etc. Fourth Generation language is easy to learn and easy to develop software in it. Fourth Generation language has textual interface as well as graphical interface.
You should also read this :-